Characters with a Quirk

How can you distinguish one character from another?

How can you distinguish one character from another?

One issue I had as a beginning writer–and still do, to an extent–is how to make characters stand out. How do you do it in a way that readers can keep characters straight, but you’re not adding fluff and interrupting the flow of your plot?


One great way to make a character stand out is to give him

or her what I call a “quirk”: a distinguishing, easily recognizable and memorable characteristic. These quirks can be, logically, of two types.

An external quirk would be something physical about the character: a limp, a scar (Harry Potter, anyone?), an amputated limb. While these quirks verge on the more striking/obvious end of the spectrum, an external quirk can be more subtle (as in, not something disfiguring) and can serve more to give readers a good image of the character in their minds: large ears, a prominent chin, bug eyes, a high forehead. Facial hair, for a male character, can also function this way. Think of Merlin, Dumbledore, and Gandalf as examples. Also, on that note: NAMES. A unique name can also, of course, make a character stand out.

A great external quirk–and one that can do a lot of characterization for you with little effort on your part–involves clothing. A walking stick, a pair of gloves or heavy boots, a well-described coat often worn, a pair of glasses…. Minister of Magic Cornelius Fudge, in the Harry Potter series, is never, even seen without his handy bowler hat. And what reader of “Great Expectations” will ever, ever forget Miss Havisham’s wedding dress?

While I don't recommend you put this fellow in your novel, there's no denying your readers would remember him if he reappeared fifteen chapters later!

While I don’t recommend you put this fellow in your novel, there’s no denying your readers would remember him if he reappeared fifteen chapters later!

One’s clothing can reveal so much about social status, occupation, income level, even emotional attachments. Imagine a character who lost her mother as a young child, but has a brooch that belonged to her mother and now always wears it. I watch “What Not to Wear” a lot, and it’s really interesting to see how so many women on that show who feel insecure about themselves and their place in their lives will wear frumpy, large, and most of all, covering clothing (think high neck lines, long sleeves, long skirts or pants) so they don’t draw attention to themselves.

Internal quirks are not related to first-impression-level appearance, and they’re not objects associated with a character, but rather, they have to do with a character’s speech and/or habits: with his or her personality manifested through choice actions or words. Sometimes these “internal quirks” can take the form of catch-phrases (see my post On Idioms). This is often true of sitcoms: Who can think of Joey Tribbiani without “How YOU doin’?” or Sheldon Cooper without “Bazinga”? In a variation on the theme, on Scrubs, you have Dr. Cox always calling J.D. by some girl’s name or other.

The best internal quirks, in my opinion, are nervous tics people aren’t even aware they do: jiggling coins in your pocket, pulling at your hair, fingering an ear/earring (ME!), rubbing an elbow, biting a lip. Think about your characters. What would their nervous habits be? Employ them in your stories!


The challenge for a good writer is not in giving your characters “quirks.” The challenge lies in doing it in such a way that you don’t make your readers want to strangle your characters, or you. It is easy to go overboard on that nervous habit or, worse, catchphrase, as any avid reader of Charles Dickens could tell you. Now, I love the man’s books. I think they have a lot of thought-provoking content, and his characters really move me in ways some others just can’t. That said, I’m reading “Dombey and Son” right now, and if Major Bagstock calls ONE more person (especially himself) “de-vilishly sly” or if Mr. Carker shows his teeth to anyone else, I think I might have to replace my kindle because I’ll have broken it in anguish. So, how does one balance the presence of a quirk with an appropriate use of it? Here are some quick tips.

  • Don’t give EVERY character a really obvious quirk, especially an internal quirk. Settle on one or two characters you want to make a deliberate impression, and leave it there. If everyone has a catch phrase, you just seem like you can’t write dialogue.
  • Don’t bring out a character’s quirk more than once per scene. Twice upon occasion, maybe, but nothing more than that. That way, it will make an impression without raising animosity 🙂
  • Mix and match the types of quirk at your disposal: styles of dress, physical appearance, patterns of speech, and tics/physical habits. This tones down the impression of any one type upon the reader and helps to balance things out.

So, that’s my post for today. Which “quirky” characters have stuck with you? Do your characters have quirks themselves? I know some of mine do, for sure!


9 responses to “Characters with a Quirk

  1. Excellent post. I love it when characters have quirks that set them apart; it makes me as a reader somehow more close to them. Examples of quirks I found interest: Becky’s shopping addiction in the Shopaholic series; Hermione’s (Harry Potter) thirst for knowledge; Oskar’s autistic nature in Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close… among others. 🙂

  2. This is great and I’ll be referring to this post when doing my re-writes. ALL my characters are bland – they’re just floating along in my story line. It’s definitely a weakness for my novel. Thanks for all your great writing posts – so useful!

    • glad you find them useful! 🙂 good luck getting your novel in shape. I have some bland characters myself in my NaNoWriMo novel I need to do something with at some point. But I have to finish the draft first. UGH….

      • My re-writes include actually finishing the draft. Near the end of NaNo, I got so crazed trying to meet the word count goal, that I brought my novel to an unnatural end.

        • that happens, as frustrating as it is. as long as you know it needs to be fixed, you’re golden 🙂 have fun editing. I love getting at least one draft down because then I can add one to my number of novels written, and you’re there already.

  3. Another great post for writing! Thank you 🙂

  4. Pingback: What Makes A Character Memorable? | Creative Writing with the Crimson League

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